China’s Road Traffic Accidents in 2008
January 6, 2009
Led by Party Committees, governments and public security organs on various levels, traffic management departments across the country have ensured an overall stable road traffic safety situation in 2008. Guided by the spirit of the 17th CPC National Congress and based on the Scientific Outlook on Development, they cooperated closely with relevant departments and conscientiously implemented the guidelines laid down by the inter-ministerial joint meeting on national road traffic safety held on April 30, promoted the work measures of “Five Rectifying” and “Three Strengthening” in a down-to-earth manner, and made an all-out effort to prevent road traffic accidents.
In 2008, a total of 265,204 road traffic accidents occurred in China, with 73,484 people killed, 304,919 injured and a direct property loss of 1.01 billion yuan, down by 62,005 or 19%, 8,165 or 10%, 75,523 or 20%, and 190 million yuan or 15.8% year on year, respectively, including 1,290 road traffic accidents with each causing a death toll of over 3 (down by 190 or 12.9% year on year), 250 accidents with each inflicting a death toll of over 5 (down by 17 or 6.4% year on year), and 29 extraordinarily serious accidents with each causing a death toll of over 10 (up by 3 year on year). The traffic accident death rate by per ten thousand cars is 4.3, down by 0.8 as compared with the same period of last year.
Accidents showed year-on-year decline in the campaign to ensure road traffic safety during the Olympics and in the 100-day operation to prevent extraordinarily serious traffic accidents. From April 1 to September 20, the traffic management departments of public security organs around China started an Olympic road traffic safety campaign, during which a total of 125, 387 accidents occurred with a death toll of 32, 670, down by 19.3% and 11.8% year on year, respectively. The campaign was followed by the 100-day operation of preventing extraordinary serious traffic accidents, lasting from September 21 to December 25. During the operation, a total of 68,228 traffic accidents occurred in China with a death toll of 22,472, also down by 19.5% and 6.5% year on year, respectively.
Serious traffic offenses and death toll of traffic accidents in key periods and road sections also saw year-on-year decline. In 2008, the death toll caused by traffic offenses such as speeding, fatigue and illegal passenger transport by trucks and tractors was down by 13.6% year on year. The death toll resulting from traffic accidents occurred on national and provincial highways was down by 14.2% when compared with last year, and the number of deaths in road traffic accidents throughout China during the New Year’s Day, Spring Festival, Qingming Day, May Day, Dragon Boat Festival, National Day and other major holidays was down by 9.8% year on year as well.
The total number of passenger vehicle accidents witnessed a steady decline. In 2008, the death toll caused by passenger vehicle accidents was down by 12.4% compared to last year, with a declining rate 2.4 points higher than the national average, and accounting for 39.2% of the total number of deaths in road traffic accidents, down from 42.4% in 2004.
In 2009, China’s road traffic flow, expressway mileage, motor vehicle population and drivers will witness a further growth and the pressure for road traffic accident prevention will further increased. Especially in 2009, the New Year’s Day and the Spring Festival are comparatively close to each other, thus the flows of college students, migrant workers and travelers will overlap, making the passenger peak come early. The departments concerned predicted that during the Spring Festival travel season of 2009, the volume of public road passenger transportation will hit 2. 08 billion，up 3 % year on year. The traffic administrative departments of public security organs across the country shall, under the guidance of the Scientific Outlook on Development, consistently intensify the management over such key vehicles as commercial vehicles, school buses, transport vehicles for dangerous chemicals, etc., such key districts and road sections as rural areas, expressways and such key period of time as the Spring Festival travel season, work to improve the scientific prevention capacity of road traffic accident with view to creating a safe, orderly and clear traffic environment so as to facilitate the travels of the residents.
Hereon, the traffic administrative departments of public security organs remind the traffic participants out for travel during the Spring Festival transport period: (i) avoid taking illegal commercial vehicles, overloaded vehicles，non-licensed vehicles and other illegal vehicles; avoid carrying explosive, flammable and other dangerous substances on board; (ii) promptly indicate or dial the informants’ hot-line when you notice the illegal activities including over-speed, overloaded, fatigue driving, drunk driving, etc. during your trip; (iii) Comprehensively checkup the vehicle condition, understand the road condition along the route and the weather variations in the near future before the self-driving tour. Try not to drive out when the weather is inclement, such as the days with heavy snow and dense fog. When driving out, pay attention to the icy pavement and dense fog and lower the speed. When dangers are discovered, immediate measures shall be taken and emergency braking, urgently turning the steering wheel shall be avoided so as to prevent traffic accidents; (iv) If dangers appear or accidents occur during your travel, swiftly shift the vehicle to the right side of road and promptly dial the traffic accident alarm 122 or the emergency number 120, and explain the location the accident occur as explicitly as possible so that the traffic administrative departments of public security organ and the medical departments could rush to the said place. If the aforementioned situation takes place on the expressways, motor vehicle drivers and passengers shall immediately leave the vehicle and evacuate off the expressway so as to avoid secondary accidents.